Hébert, Jacques-René

(1757-1794)
   journalist, political figure
   Born in Alençon, Jacques-René Hébert joined the revolution of 1789 and, in 1790, founded the radical journal Le Père Duquesne. Replacing pierre chaumette in the insurrectionist Paris Commune after August 10, 1792, and leader of the cordeliers club, he carried out, under the Convention, a fierce struggle against the girondins, who had him arrested by the Commission of Twelve (May 18, 1793). His arrest, by unleashing the popular Sans-culottist movement (see sans-culottes; May 31-June 2, 1793), precipitated the fall of the Girondin leadership. Freed, Hébert adopted the program of the enragés, succeeded in having certain radical economic and social measures passed by the Convention, and encouraged the policy of de-Chris-tianization. After denouncing the indugents' offensive (GEORGES DANTON, CAMILLE DESMOULINS), which had demanded the end of the terror (December 1793-January 1794), he accused the Robespierrists of moderation and proposed a more radical social program. Threatened with overthrow by the Left as well as by the Right, the Committee of Public Safety, led by maximilien Robespierre, quickly arrested Hébert and the extremists, or Hébertists (March 12, 1794), who were then condemned to death by the Revolutionary Tribunal.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hébert, Jacques-René — ▪ French political journalist pseudonym  Père (“Father”) Duchesne  born November 15, 1757, Alençon, France died March 24, 1794, Paris  political journalist during the French Revolution who became the chief spokesman for the Parisian sansculottes… …   Universalium

  • Hébert, Jacques (-René) — known as Père Duchesne born Nov. 15, 1757, Alençon, France died March 24, 1794, Paris French Revolutionary political journalist and chief spokesman for the extremist sansculottes. He wrote political satires under his pen name, and his newspaper,… …   Universalium

  • Hébert, Jacques-René — ► (1757 94) Político revolucionario francés. Fue redactor del violento periódico Le Père Duchesne …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hébert, Jacques (-René) — llamado Père Duchesne (15 nov. 1757, Alençon, Francia–24 mar. 1794, París). Periodista político revolucionario francés y principal vocero de los radicalizados sans culottes. Usó el seudónimo para escribir sátira política y su periódico Le Père… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • HÉBERT, JACQUES RENÉ —    commonly called Per Duchesne as editor of a journal of that name, a violent revolutionary organ; took part in the September Massacres; brutally insulted the queen at her trial, to the disgust of Robespierre; was arrested by his colleagues,… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Jacques-Rene Hebert — Jacques René Hébert Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hébert. Jacques René Hébert Surnom(s) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacques René Hébert — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hébert. Jacques René Hébert Surnom(s) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacques René Hébert — (* 15. November 1757 in Alençon; † 24. März 1794 in Paris) war ein Publizist und Kirchengegner und als Führer der Ultrarevolutionären eine der wesentlichen Figuren in der Französischen Revolution. Jacques René Hébert Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jacques-René Hébert — Jacques René Hébert, político, revolucionario y periodista francés (Alençon, 15 de noviembre de 1757 París, 24 de marzo de 1794) era editor del Periódico radical Le Père Duchesne (El Padre Duchesne) durante la Revo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jacques-René Hébert — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hébert. Jacques René Hébert Surnom Le père Duchesne …   Wikipédia en Français

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